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NXP's speaker driver IC touts 9.5-V boost voltage

05 Mar 2013  | Paul Buckley

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A speaker driver IC which enables a 9.5 V boost voltage from an integrated DC/DC converter has recently been rolled out by NXP Semiconductors. The TFA9890 is a single chip that includes The company's CoolFlux DSP, a Class-D amplifier with current sensing, and a DC-to-DC converter.

The TFA9890 audio driver IC features increased voltage headroom, preventing amplifier clipping while also keeping sound quality high at maximum volume. NXP's latest product safely drives a record 4 W of peak power into a standard 8-Ω speaker that is typically rated at 0.5 W, making a clear improvement to the sound output and quality of mobiles, tablets, TVs and portable speakers.

Whereas traditional approaches have required cutting bass frequencies to avoid damaging the speaker, the TFA9890 builds on the advanced speaker protection introduced in the award-winning TFA9887 to enable safe operation while working at near-peak output at all times. The fully integrated protection includes adaptive excursion control, an approach that compensates for real-world changes in the acoustic environment. The IC measures current and voltage to the speaker, and uses the information to adapt the protection algorithm to account for changes like ageing, damage to the enclosure, and blocked speaker ports.

The feedback-controlled excursion protection algorithm enables the TFA9890 to provide nearly twice as much power into 8-Ω speakers, with sound output typically 6-12 dB higher than the TFA9887. In addition to increasing the speaker volume, the DC-to-DC converter's 9.5 V boost voltage improves sound quality by increasing voltage headroom and eliminating amplifier clipping.

Other circuits and algorithms which improve sound quality include an advanced clip avoidance algorithm, which monitors audio performance and prevents clipping even when the power supply begins to sag. Bandwidth extension increases the low-frequency response well below speaker resonance.

Further, the intelligent DC-to-DC boost converter in the TFA9890 also prevents the audio system from causing battery under-voltage issues for the mobile device. The advanced, embedded algorithms require no separate licencing and allow designers to customise their audio sound quality and choose how to optimise the phone's performance.

The TFA9890 is now sampling with lead customers and will be released in Q2 2013.

Datasheet for the TFA9890 can be found here.

- Paul Buckley
  EE Times

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